Indira Gandhi Open University provides an array of various types of bachelor and masters courses in distance mode to encourage people to increase their knowledge and expertise. One such important course is Bachelor Of Education (B.Ed). IGNOU BEd course is mainly focused on providing basic knowledge regarding education to the students.
The top ten concepts preferred for studying in IGNOU BEd have been discussed below:
1. Curriculum and Instruction
Curriculum and Instruction (C&I) is a field within education which seeks to research, develop, and implement curriculum changes that increase student achievement within and outside schools. The field focuses on how students learn and the best ways to educate. It is also interested in new trends in teaching and learning process.
2. Psychology of Learning & Development
Psychology of Learning is concerned with problems such as : How do children acquire skills? When is learning more effective? What are the factors that help the learning Process? How do we measure the amount of learning? Are there any economic methods of memorizing? Why do we forget? Psychology helps the teacher to get answers to these questions. It tells us that learning becomes more effective if factors like motivation and interest are taken into consideration by every teacher. The knowledge of psychology has helped the teacher in modifying her approach to the teaching learning process.
3. Educational Evaluation
Educational evaluation is the process of characterizing and appraising some aspect/s of an educational process.
There are two common purposes in educational evaluation which are, at times, in conflict with one another. Educational evaluation is also a professional activity that individual educators need to undertake if they intend to continuously review and enhance the learning they are endeavouring to facilitate.
4. Education and Society
Education and Society today has close affinities with contemporary interdisciplinary fields exploring issues of social policy, culture, gender, work and leisure. Since education is as much concerned with who we might become as who we already are, it is relevant to all our collective and personal decision-making on questions of justice, rights and freedom.
Education is a major institution in most societies. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine any industrialised or industrialising society without a system of schools. Sociologists of education examine many parts of educational systems interaction, classrooms and peer groups, school organisations and national and international systems of education.
5. Teaching of Science
Education is imparted for achieving certain ends and goals. Various subjects in the school curriculum are different means to achieve these goals. The aim of teaching of science stands for the aims, goals and broader purposes that may be fulfilled by the teaching of science in the general scheme of education. The course mainly involves briefing the students about the definition, objectives, nature and various relationships of science as the subject.
Further, the importance of science at every milestone of a student is taught, namely, the depth of science at middle school level or high school level.
6. Teaching of Mathematics
Mathematics is one of the few subjects that have the practical, cultural and disciplinary value. Unfortunately, the current focus of Mathematics education is mostly on memorizing formulae to solve specific problems and applying them to examination questions. To make Mathematics an instrument of all the three values, it must be taught in an engaging, interesting and interacting manner.
In this course, students learn the various approaches, strategies and techniques of teaching-learning of Mathematics.
7. Teaching of Social Studies
The teaching of social studies is of great significance in the building of a great nation.
The term “Social Studies” is of recent origin. Its inclusion in the school curriculum has necessitated a change in the approaches to studying human-beings. Such study is now carried out in relation to man’s historical, geographical, social, economic and political environments. Also, different teachers teach the various components of the subject in different ways. It is, therefore, necessary to develop awareness among teachers to visualize social studies as holistic learning, which alone can help achieve the aims and objectives of teaching the subject.
It deals with man’s relationship with his social and physical environment. Thus, social studies deal with man and his interaction with other people, with the earth and with goods and services.
This course also looks into the benefits of teaching social studies at all levels of schooling.
8. Teaching of English
Unlike the teaching subjects like physical and social sciences the focus in teaching languages would be on the elements of language, developing linguistic and communicative competence and acquisition of four basic skills. English is being used in all international bodies and conferences. It is the only acceptable language available to establish and maintain economic, commercial, political, intellectual and cultural relations with other nations as it is being used either as a first language or as a second language by millions of people in nearly every country of the world.
Broadly the desired result which is aimed at in the English lessons is to train the pupils :
- to hear and understand
- to speak and be understood
- to read and understand
- to write and be understood
When teaching is finished, pupils should be able to use English with ease and confidence demonstrating automatic control of the required vocabulary and structures. Their comprehension and expression of both oral and written English should be developed enough to serve their purposes in life.
9. Educational Technology
Educational Technology has absolutely revolutionized the entire education system. Until recently, the teachers used to be the sole interpreter of knowledge to the learners and the textbooks the sole resource. Educational technology has affected the conventional roles and it has opened up the new areas of teacher functions such as management of resources and management of learning. Today, teachers have a range of media to assist and supplement the instructional work.
Educational process can’t proceed systematically without the help of educational technology. Every aspect of educational system is fully enlightened with educational technology.
In this modern era, future teachers are taught to incorporate technology in their methods of teaching. To use the facilities that the country can offer to achieve better understanding of the various concepts for the students.
10. Computer in Education
Computers are playing an increasingly important role in education, for both the teacher and the student. Their use enables each student to develop at his or her own pace and makes the whole learning process more flexible.
Computers is a vast subject starting from primary, middle school, higher secondary and senior secondary school.
The student-teachers are made to know about basic computer hardware and some software application packages. Primary focus is upon use of computers in education hence; they initiated to teach a core paper “Computers in Education” with other foundation papers in education, so as to initiate a process of making a relation between teacher-computer-student.
In conclusion, all the subjects taught in IGNOU BEd are primarily focused on making the students understand the concepts better by teaching the prospective teachers with accuracy and modern equipment. The young generation is more focused on being aware and updated. Therefore, it is the duty of the teachers to be updated and have a good understanding of teaching.
Want to become a teacher? Learn how NIOS DElEd can help you become a better teacher today here